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Subterranean termites

Subterranean termites

Subterranean termite detectionWhile not the most common species in Southern California, the subterranean termite (Reticulitermes hesperus) destroys homes at a rate almost eighty times that of the drywood termite. As the name implies, they generally enter homes from beneath. Subterranean termite colonies are much larger and better organized, allowing them to effect much greater damage in less time. Part of their advantage can be attributed to a more stratified caste system. The majority of subterranean termites are actually members of a "worker" caste - and their sole job is to eat away at your home, 24 hours a day.

Subterranean termite detection

  • Swarmers flying in early spring
  • Wings broken off near window
  • Mud tubes (termite tunnels)
  • Wood damag

Life Cycle:

Eggs take about 50 days to hatch. After the first year, several fertile females assist the queen in laying eggs. Growth progresses through up to seven instars, which takes well over two years. The whole egg to adult process can be 3-4 years in length. Adults will swarm after the start of fall and spring rains. The males and females pair off, drop their wings, and burrow into the ground in search of wood and to start a new colony. Wings on the swarmers are longer than the body, one major sign that they are not ants!

The subterranean termites will generally swarm in early spring - between February and May. And contrary to some popularly purported myths, they're impartial to construction methods. While evidence of subterranean termites is most easily visible in the crawl spaces of more traditional homes, they can still easily enter through small fissures and joints in modern slab and plenum-type foundations. The Vester Pest Control inspector can identify your home's construction and make custom treatment recommendations that will most effectively control a subterranean termite population.

Subterranean termites are most likely to access a home that offers earth to wood contact. A prime example of this would be a wood piling or pier beneath the home that extends all the way down into the dirt. Or, if the yard's grade, or dirt level, rises above the base of the foundation, subterranean termites can quickly and easily enter and attack the lower wooden beams of the house's frame. In homes that offer a crawl space, subterranean termites will often build tubes of mud through which they will travel to consume wood to carry back to the colony below. 

Vester san diego Pest Control offers a variety of solutions for all termite problems.

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